EcoForce Heat Systems-EcoForce BedBug Heat Services

Click Here

Request a Free In Home Inspection

Click Here

Bed Bug Basicsbedbugs ecoForce heat systems

Bed bugs, known scientifically as Cimex lectularius (Cimicidae), are small wingless insects that feed exclusively on the blood of warm blooded-animals. As we are warm-blooded mammals we are ideal hosts for them. Over millions of years bed bugs have evolved as nest parasites – inhabiting the nests of birds and the roosts of bats. Some of them have learned to adapt to the human environment and live in our nests, i.e. our homes, and more specifically – our beds. Newborns, called hatchlings or nymphs, are tiny, about the size of a poppy seed, while adults grow to about ¼ of an inch long. Their shape is oval and flattened. All life cycles; nymphs, eggs and adults are visible to the naked eye. They are called bed bugs because of their preferred habitat in human homes: sofas, bed mattresses and other soft furnishings. Bed bugs are seen as a growing problem within all types of dwellings, including private homes, dormitories, cruise ships, army barracks, and shelters. When seen close up they may have a white, light tan to a deep brown or burnt orange color. Just after molting most of them are plain white. After feeding a dark red or black blob may be observed within their body. Bed bugs are primarily nocturnal and will instinctively seek shelter in dark cracks and crevices when disturbed.

Habits

Bed bugs like to travel and are good hitchhikers. They will hide in suitcases, boxes and shoes to be near a food supply. They are elusive, nocturnal creatures. They can hide behind baseboards and in cracks, crevices, and folded areas of beds, bedding and adjacent furniture, especially headboards, mattresses and box springs. Bed bugs can also hide in electrical switch plates, picture frames, wallpaper and nearly anywhere inside a home, car, bus, or other shelter. Bed bugs usually come out at night for a blood meal. However, they are opportunistic insects and can take a blood meal during the day, especially in heavily-infested areas. 

 

Habitat

So where do bed bugs live? Bed Bugs like to hide in small cracks and crevices close to a human environment. They can be found behind baseboards, wallpaper, upholstery, and in furniture crevices. Bed bugs are also known to survive in temporary or alternative habitats, such as backpacks and under the seats in cars, busses and trains.

 

Threats

Although bed bugs can dine on any warm-blooded animal, they primarily dine on humans. Bed bugs do not transmit diseases, but their bites can become red, itchy welts.  Itching can lead to excessive scratching that can sometimes increase the chance of a secondary skin infection.

A bed bug infestation can cause anxiety, stress, and paranoia for weeks or months, depending on the person and the severity of the infestation.


Bed Bug Biology

Ecoforce bedbug servicesCommon Name: Bed bug
Scientific Family: Cimex lectularius Linnaeus

Bed Bug Color

Unfed adult bed bugs are mahogany to rusty brown color. Engorged bed bugs are red-brown color after a blood meal. Nymphs (baby bed bugs) are nearly colorless when they first hatch and become brownish as they mature.

Legs

Six legs

Bed Bug Shape

Unfed bed bugs are flat and broad-oval. Fed bed bugs become swollen and more elongated.

Bed Bug Size

Adult bed bugs can reach a size of about 1/4 inch long. Nymphs range from 1.3 mm to 4-5 mm.
During its lifetime, a bed bug will go through the following stages
  • Eggs (1mm).
  • 1st stage nymph (1.5 mm).
  • 2nd stage nymph (2 mm).
  • 3rd stage nymph (2.5 mm).bedbug life cycle
  • 4th stage nymph (3 mm).
  • 5th stage nymph (4.5 mm).
  • Unfed adult female.
  • Unfed adult male

Bed Bug Life Cycle

Bed bug biology naturally promotes infestation. Female bed bugs lay one to five eggs per day, or an average of 540 eggs in a lifetime. They typically lay their eggs in cracks or rough surfaces. Bed bug nymphs grow to full adulthood in about 21 days and go through five stages of development before they reach maturity. A bed bug will molt once during each stage of development, though a blood meal is required for a molt. An adult bed bug can live for several months up to a year without a blood meal.

Bed Bug Feeding

Bed bugs are attracted to the carbon dioxide emitted by their hosts. For this reason, they tend to feed at night on bare skin that
is exposed while sleeping. However, they are opportunistic insects and will consume a blood meal during the day, especially in heavily-infested areas. Although bed bugs prefer to feed on humans, they will feed on other warm-blooded hosts as well. 
Bed bugs usually require 5-10 minutes to engorge with blood. They feed by inserting two hollow, beak-like feeding tubes into their host. The first tube injects the bug’s saliva, which contains anesthetics to numb the feeding area. The second tube draws blood. After feeding, they move to secluded places and hide for 5-10 days. During this time, they do not feed but instead digest their meal, mate and lay eggs.

BedBug Look A Likes: 

 untitled_14

Need A Bed Bug Exterminator in Phoenix?

Call today or request a Free In Home Inspection Online

 Get Rid Of Bed Bugs NOW!